LSTM Layers#


class supar.modules.lstm.CharLSTM(n_chars: int, n_embed: int, n_hidden: int, n_out: int = 0, pad_index: int = 0, dropout: float = 0)[source]#

CharLSTM aims to generate character-level embeddings for tokens. It summarizes the information of characters in each token to an embedding using a LSTM layer.

  • n_char (int) – The number of characters.

  • n_embed (int) – The size of each embedding vector as input to LSTM.

  • n_hidden (int) – The size of each LSTM hidden state.

  • n_out (int) – The size of each output vector. Default: 0. If 0, equals to the size of hidden states.

  • pad_index (int) – The index of the padding token in the vocabulary. Default: 0.

  • dropout (float) – The dropout ratio of CharLSTM hidden states. Default: 0.

forward(x: Tensor) Tensor[source]#

x (Tensor) – [batch_size, seq_len, fix_len]. Characters of all tokens. Each token holds no more than fix_len characters, and the excess is cut off directly.


The embeddings of shape [batch_size, seq_len, n_out] derived from the characters.

Return type:



class supar.modules.lstm.VariationalLSTM(input_size: int, hidden_size: int, num_layers: int = 1, bidirectional: bool = False, dropout: float = 0.0)[source]#

VariationalLSTM Gal & Ghahramani (2016) is an variant of the vanilla bidirectional LSTM adopted by Biaffine Parser with the only difference of the dropout strategy. It drops nodes in the LSTM layers (input and recurrent connections) and applies the same dropout mask at every recurrent timesteps.

APIs are roughly the same as LSTM except that we only allows PackedSequence as input.

  • input_size (int) – The number of expected features in the input.

  • hidden_size (int) – The number of features in the hidden state h.

  • num_layers (int) – The number of recurrent layers. Default: 1.

  • bidirectional (bool) – If True, becomes a bidirectional LSTM. Default: False

  • dropout (float) – If non-zero, introduces a SharedDropout layer on the outputs of each LSTM layer except the last layer. Default: 0.

forward(sequence: PackedSequence, hx: Tuple[Tensor, Tensor] | None = None) Tuple[PackedSequence, Tuple[Tensor, Tensor]][source]#
  • sequence (PackedSequence) – A packed variable length sequence.

  • hx (Tensor, Tensor) – A tuple composed of two tensors h and c. h of shape [num_layers*num_directions, batch_size, hidden_size] holds the initial hidden state for each element in the batch. c of shape [num_layers*num_directions, batch_size, hidden_size] holds the initial cell state for each element in the batch. If hx is not provided, both h and c default to zero. Default: None.


The first is a packed variable length sequence. The second is a tuple of tensors h and c. h of shape [num_layers*num_directions, batch_size, hidden_size] holds the hidden state for t=seq_len. Like output, the layers can be separated using h.view(num_layers, num_directions, batch_size, hidden_size) and similarly for c. c of shape [num_layers*num_directions, batch_size, hidden_size] holds the cell state for t=seq_len.

Return type:

PackedSequence, (Tensor, Tensor)